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Gurdjieff - The Great Enigma
Objectives of Gurdjieff teachingsWhat makes Gurdjieff different from all other reformers of all epochs is the fact that his aim was to help man to achieve the highest possible freedom - freedom from beliefs, freedom from superstitions, from internal and external pressures, freedom from himself. Gurdjieff explicitly stated that he did not want to start a new religion, sect or a new school with a new set of "truths" influencing people, forcing them to obey new gurus or masters. According to Gurdjieff true freedom can only be achieved by developing a higher level of consciousness through individual effort and will-power. The level of man's consciousness is not only responsible for wars and other kinds of suffering, but it is responsible for the totality of his life. The entire life of man, including his beliefs, activities and work, everything he has built up for himself, our whole civilization depends on his level of consciousness.According to Gurdjieff, man possesses mental abilities well above the level needed for his biological life and he is completely unaware of his incredible potential. These possibilities are lying dormant in man and without proper effort and understanding cannot be released and utilized. Modern man is developing his intellect, is gaining scientific and technical knowledge, is improving his standard of living - and this means that he is concentrating on his external development. But what is most vital for him - his morality, attitude to other people and to himself, depends on his own consciousness, and this however remains at a very low level.